Master's degree in Molecular and Medical Biotechnology

Master's degree in Molecular and Medical Biotechnology

Human genome sequencing and interpretation (2018/2019)

Course code
4S003666
Credits
6
Coordinator
Massimo Delledonne
Other available courses
Academic sector
BIO/18 - GENETICS
Language of instruction
English

Links



Teaching is organised as follows:
Activity Credits Period Academic staff
teoria 5 I semestre Massimo Delledonne
esercitazioni 1 I semestre Massimo Delledonne

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Learning outcomes

Scope of the course is to provide the most important concepts of clinical genomics, describing the structure and the function of the human genome as well as the most advanced approaches for its clinical interpretation

A key point of the course is the detailed description of the human genome sequencing and annotation approaches carried out by the international public consortium, and by the private (Celera) initiative. The reference genome is indeed a fundamental component of nowadays human resequencing in precision medicine, and describes many key points about the structure and the function of the human genome.

Then, the course will focus on the technologies of next generation sequencing and their use in detecting single nucleotide variants as well as large genomic structural variations


At the completion of the course the students will be able to properly analyze and interpret a whole human genome.

Syllabus

THE HUMAN GENOME

The human genome sequencing consortium project
• CG content and CpG islands
• Repetitive sequences in the human genome
• Segmental duplications
• Gene content

The human genome sequencing project by Celera
• Shot gun sequencing and hybrid assembly
• Gene prediction and annotation
• SNPs in the human genome

Epigenetics and epigenomics
• Chromatine modification
• DNA methylation
• miRNA

The ENCODE project
• Methods and set of materials
• Transcribed and protein-coding regions (GENCODE)
• Protein bound regions
• DNase I hypersensitive sites and footprints
• Regions of histone modifications
• DNA methylations
• Chromosome interacting regions
• ENCODE data integration with known genomic features
• ENCODE data integration independent of genomic landmarks: Enhancers

CLINICAL GENOMICS

Clinical Genome Sequencing
• Overview of Technical Aspects and Chemistries of Next Generation Sequencing
• Targeted Capture Methods for exome and gene panels
• RNA Sequencing and Methylome Analysis
Base Calling, Read Mapping and Coverage Analysis

Clinical Genome Analysis
• Detection of Single Nucleotide Variant
• Detection of Insertions and Deletions (Indels)
• Detection of Translocations
• Detecion of Copy Number Variants

Clinical Genome Interpretation
• Clinical Genomics for Constitutional Diseases
• Clinical Genomics for Somatic Diseases (Cancer)
• Reference Databases for Disease Associations
• Reporting of Clinical Genomics Test Results

Textbook:
Clinical Genomics, Kulkarni and Pfeifer eds, Elsevier, ISBN: 978-0-12-404748-8
Slides and articles are available on http://profs.scienze.univr.it/delledonne/Education.html

Assessment methods and criteria

written, usually 10 open questions. The answers are evaluated on the basis of proper reporting of the key concepts of the question's topics. Voting is expressed in thirty.

Reference books
Activity Author Title Publisher Year ISBN Note
teoria KULKARNI & PFEIFER CLINICAL GENOMICS (Edizione 1) Elsevier 2015 978-0-12-404748-8
teoria Brown Genomes 4 (Edizione 4) Taylor & Francis 2017 978-0-8153-4508-4

STUDENT MODULE EVALUATION - 2017/2018






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